Sunday, May 24, 2020
Aging is the process of growing older, one communal progression that all individuals experience. Aging, as all know, causes numerous changes to the human body. One of the leading shifts the body undergoes is an overall decrease in muscle mass. This loss can result from either a sedentary lifestyle (secondary aging) or by following a natural body course (primary aging). By maintaining an active lifestyle, individuals are able to delay the effects of aging on the body. They are able to maintain their independence and improve their quality of life. For elderly individuals diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, preserving and increasing muscles mass is a crucial part of controlling the disease. During active observations, research, and personal interviews, I was able to fully understand the effects exercise had on individuals with Type 2 Diabetes. Studies have found that one out of every four individuals 65 years and older will be diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes. Also known a s Ã¢â¬Å"adult-onset or noninsulin-dependentÃ¢â¬ , Type 2 Diabetes is a disease that Ã¢â¬Å"affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose).Ã¢â¬ (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2016) Glucose metabolism is affected in one of two ways, either resisting or undersupplying insulin within the bloodstream. Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes may have symptoms of Ã¢â¬Å"increased thirst, frequent urination, increased hunger, weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, slow-healing sores or frequent infections, and areas of darkened skinÃ¢â¬ Show MoreRelatedSlowing the Biological Clock Essays1068 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesare constantly changing in an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s body. A person should take care of his or her body at a young age because the effects of the care will have outcomes as the person ages. There are several contributing factors to speeding up the aging process such as, stress, vitamin and mineral deficiency, or excessive food intakes. Reducing and or limiting these factors can play a major role in how the body continues to age. As an individual age his or her body is more susceptible to natural ways of slowingRead MoreAging And Its Effects On The Aging1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesover time. The changes include physical, social and psychological changes. Causes of aging are very uncertain. Besides, there are several factors which predispose an individual to premature aging. Current theories suggest that this process occurs to due to cellular damage such as DNA oxidation by free radicals causing biological systems to fail. Internal processes such as DNA methylation may also result in aging. Predisposing factors such as space escapades, use of chemically intoxicated substancesRead MoreEffects Of Aging On Aging And Aging1343 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesover time. The changes include physical, social and psychological changes. Causes of aging are very uncertain. Besides, there are several factors which predispose an individual to premature aging. Current theories suggest that this process occurs to due to cellular damage such as DNA oxidation by free radicals causing biological systems to fail. Internal processes such as DNA methylation may also result in aging. Predisposing factors such as space escapades, use of chemically intoxicated substancesRead MoreAging Is A Process Of A Disease Based On Genetic Makeup ( Schneider )1206 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAging is a process through which organismÃ¢â¬â¢s functionality decline systematically. The decrease in human organism is due to genetic cellular and molecular modifications. The level of changes on the longevity of the plant can affect it in several ways in a gradual process as the age progresses with time. According to Finch, the process of aging can also have a definition that it is the accumulation of underlying molecular errors (Finch,2007). These erro rs with time eventually corrupt the adult stemRead MoreThe Signs Of Aging And Aging858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesWhen a person thinks of aging, they can think of many things, from a baby getting taller, to an older person growing gray hair. A personÃ¢â¬â¢s body changes constantly throughout the span of their life. There is no helping it. While most people think of a person getting older as a person getting wrinkles, losing hair, and becoming more fragile, there are actually many other affects than just those. There are visible effects, and effects that are not visible by just looking at someone. In this paper, bothRead MoreAge Gracefully and Aging Beautifully1151 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAging Is a Natural Process Aging is a natural process that everyone is subjected to. As a matter of fact, the aging process started kicking in the moment we were born. However, its unsightly effects are only felt when we start hitting middle age. Despite this, knowing what triggers the unwanted effects of aging and being aware of the right products can actually help you easily slow down or give the illusion that you have halted the aging process before its effects actually get on your nerves. ManyRead More HGH: Fountain of Youth? Essay1196 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesHGH: Fountain of Youth? What is aging? It is a question that has been puzzling doctors for centuries. In a culture so obsessed with youth, it is not surprising that science asks this question often. It is also not surprising that the anti-aging product market is a booming multi-million dollar phenomenon. We will pay thousands for procedures that make us thinner, stronger, more full of energy and less wrinkled. The new emphasis of the advertising world is not just looking young, but feelingRead MoreAnti Skin Care Essay946 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesgood anti aging skin care guide? Heres the start. 3 things you shouldnt do to your skin, and a guide to how good anti aging skin care treatments will improve the look and health of our skin. Whilst you might expect a lot of voodoo and hype about anti aging skin care, its not as difficult as you would think. There are some simple steps you can take to improve the chances of your skin looking good and being healthy right into old age. Combine some basic steps with a good quality anti aging skin careRead MorePolypharmacy in the Older Adult: Too Much of a Good Thing Essay1191 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthe aging process have an effect on how elderly bodies process medication, but elderly people take more medications than their younger counterparts. According to Conry (2005), the elderly patient takes an average of 5 prescription medications and two non-prescription medications (Conry, 2005). While medications are frequently necessary to enhance the quality of life of the elderly, non-pharmacologic methods should be used whenever possible. Healthcare providers need to understand how aging impactsRead MoreAging and Adulthood Paper1113 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAging and Adulthood Pape r Karl O Dell University of Phoenix CCMH/504 Dr. Ed Schroll May 13, 2013 Aging and Adulthood Paper Aging is an inevitability of life. With age man exchanges the physical prowess of youth for the wisdom that comes through experiencing the trials and triumphs of life. As an individual enters late adulthood, age 65 and older, they experience many physical, emotional and mental changes never previously encountered and which may require an adaptation of their earlier
Wednesday, May 13, 2020
Juveniles have been making the choice to involve them in criminal activity in society. Many factors that cause for this behavior are low self-esteem, hanging with the wrong crowd, peer pressure, and bad role models. There are programs that help youth changes the way they think and help them make the right choices. These programs are also designed to help with the rate of juvenile activity. The types of services and programs that are to the youth and families help with the changes being made. The two different programs that will be discussed are: Diversion Programs: An Overview in Baltimore, MD The diversion program involves individuals, parents, and family counseling to the youth groups. The most successful programs have been those that are more intensive and comprehensive. The use of using youth co-workers was a major factor to their success. In the center of Juvenile and criminal Justices this is a nonprofit private organization and their mission is to reduce the reliance of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s incarceration on social situations. There are programs for those that are looking to be in prison. Throughout the group there are professional staffs that have backgrounds of different diversity groups while being part of the CJCJ this organization is recognized for the leadership and innovator that is provides for the juveniles. The concept of diversion is a theory that is being processed for certain juvenile justice system in the eyes of Bynum and Thomas,1996 Ã¢â¬Å" an attempt to divert, orShow MoreRelatedThe Implications of Current Child Policy for the Welfare of Children1466 Wor ds Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Implications of Current Child Policy for the Welfare of Children Children in the United Kingdom are key consumers of social policy. They consume a vast amount of the many services provided by this Country. Services such as health care through Doctors, hospitals and clinics, the education system which is largely devoted financially to the schooling of young people, and also the social security system which is stretched by children whose parents are in need of income Read MoreCareer Interest : Child Advocacy Essay1629 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCareer Interest: Child Advocacy Career The area that I am interested in serving in is the Child Advocacy area. I have a heart for children and if I can do more for children in need that is something that I want to devote my time to. Child Advocacy is a career that specializes in the placement of child that have been removed from their homes and placed in the foster care system due to situations that may have involved abuse, neglect, or even the passing away of the parents with no other relativesRead MoreEssay on Foster Parenting in Nebraska: The Victims Advocate Project1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdirectly with the Child Advocacy Center in Lincoln with some of my former foster children, I was happy to get into contact with its executive director, Lynn Ayers. Lynn has been working in victims advocacy, particularly as a children and family advocate for over 36 years, and has a wealth of knowledge on the subject. In her time in this field, she has seen a variety of cases and was more than happy to respond to my request for an interview via e-mail correspondence. The Child Advocacy CenterRead MoreTheorist : Piaget s Theory1439 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTheorist Information Piaget 1936 Vygotsky 1960s Chomsky 1957, 1965, 1991 Theory Overview PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s cognitive development theory states that a childÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge comes from his or her experiences as they explore their world (Berk, 2007). VygotskyÃ¢â¬â¢s theory focuses on how culture is transmitted to the next generation. Through social interaction, children begin to acquire skills that are valued by their culture (Berk, 2007). ChomskyÃ¢â¬â¢s theory seeks to explain how children acquire language so quickly. ChomskyRead More Pregnancy Discrimination in the Workplace: How Far Have We Come?1269 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshire will be available to work, her limitations in the job, and medical insurance. The employer cannot refuse to hire a pregnant woman just for the simple fact that shes pregnant; they also cannot refuse to hire her based on the prejudices of co-workers, clients, or customers (2). Employers are also prohibited under the Pregnancy Discrimination Act from enacting special procedures to determine an employees ability to work. If an employee is unable to perform her job due to pregnancy, theRead MoreProviding Educational Programs for Female Prisoners1024 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesamount of female inmates reporting to be chemically dependent, abusing drugs or heavily intoxicated upon arrest (Gillespie 92). Another small percentage of female inmates tested positive for the HIV virus. Health education prisons programs provide an overview of current health issues and problems that appear in our society. At the same time they gain knowledge on how to protect themselves focusing on the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (Davis 80). Nearly forty percent of female inmates reportedRead MoreEssay on Comparing Television and Internet Sports News1315 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbetter? Why would a person choose one form of media over the other? It is not that one form is better than the other, it depends what the person wants to get out of that medium. The channel ESPN gives the viewer exactly what they expect, a quick overview of what happened in the sports world today. The announcers joke around to make the viewer feel like there is a human interaction that is taking place, the announcers also makes it feel like more of an entertainment program then a news program. TheRead MoreThe Philippines : A Great Biodiversity1318 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesexperiences frequent volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. ItsÃ¢â¬â¢ tropical climate has attracted a great number of tourists as the country usually has high temperatures ideal for vacations. Not only that, but the Philippines has a great biodiversity. OVERVIEW POPULATION The Philippines is the 7th most populated country in Asia and 12th in the world. ItsÃ¢â¬â¢ population as of August 2015 is 100,98,437 and is projected to rise to 109,947,900 in 5 years (Philippine Department of Health, n.d.). ECONOMY The WorldRead MoreUse of Self: Impact of Past Experiences on Future Practice1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesa social worker, which will have a positive impact on my practice ability. Agreeableness describes an individual who is cooperative, understanding, warm and sympathetic (Goldberg, 1990). Agreeableness is an important attribute when working in a team environment and within a social work context. Having an agreeable personality will allow me to display a warm, understanding and sympathetic personality to clients while increasing my ability to act cooperatively with clients and co-workers in a practiceRead MoreMy Academic Journey1241 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesillustrate major growth and development as an individual, a family member, a co-worker, and a studentÃ¢â¬âa journey which led me to this moment. Literally, this very moment! I now possess the academic confidence to present an analysis of my lifes history and academic objectives to a committee of scholars/professionals, which is unquestionably a significant achievement. Thus, becoming better acquainted with my lifes history, as a child, teenager, military service member and scholar, will allow each of y ou
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
string(135) " Southern and West Africa, migratory workers and their sexual spouses have a higher degree of infection rates than general population\." The AIDS epidemic was foremost recognized on June 5, 1981, in the United States when the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) , reported bunchs of Pneumocystis pneumonia caused by a signifier of Pneumocystitis carinii in five homosexual work forces in Los Angeles. We will write a custom essay sample on HIV And Migration Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Over the following 18 months more PCP bunchs were recognized along with timeserving diseases like Kaposi Ã¢â¬Ës Sarcoma and relentless lymphadenopathy nowadays in immunosuppressed patients. It was suggested in 1982 that a sexually transmitted infective agent might be the causative factor and the presence in bunchs of cheery work forces resulted in the initial term Ã¢â¬Å" GRID Ã¢â¬ or gay-related immune lack. Health governments shortly realized that about half of the instances recognized were non homosexual work forces and therefore the term GRID was abandoned. Same form of timeserving infections were besides recognized amongst Intravenous drug users, haemophiliac and Haitian immigrants. By August 1982 the disease was being recognized by its new CDC given name Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( AIDS ) . Research work had started by this clip on finding the causative agent. In 1983 a squad of Gallic physicians isolated the a virus which was confirmed by research workers in US and after work on the new strains identified from AIDS patients the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses coined the name HIV ( Human Immunodeficiency Virus ) . It was subsequently established that AIDS spread had started decennaries before these first bunchs were recognized in 1981. Earliest Samples Four of the earliest studied specimen known to hold HIV were, A plasma sample taken in 1959 from a adult male life in Congo, from a lymph node sample from an grownup female besides from Congo, an American adolescent who died in 1969 and a tissue sample from a Norse crewman who died around 1976. After these surveies it was suggested that first instances of HIV were introduced into human around 1940s or the early 1950s. It was farther suggested as a consequence of a new survey that the first instance of HIV-1 occurred around 1931 in West Africa based on a complex computing machine theoretical account of HIV development. Subsequently a survey in 2008 dated the beginning of HIV to be between 1884 and 1924 and demonstrated that variegation of HIV-1 occurred long earlier AIDS pandemic was recognized. It is suggested that when AIDS was foremost noted in 1981 there were an approximative figure of 100,000 to 300,000 bing instances of AIDS. In these old ages of soundless spread one of the major factors which played a function was international travel. In the US for case, international travel undertaken by immature work forces doing the most of the homosexual sexual revolution of the late seventies and early 80s surely played a big portion in taking the virus worldwide. Similarly in Africa travel within the towns, metropoliss etc. resulted in the spread of the disease. Migration Migration is the motion of people across a specified boundary for the intent of set uping a new or semi-permanent abode. There are assorted types of migrations Cyclic Movement Ã¢â¬â Involves transposing, seasonal motion and nomadism Periodic Movement Ã¢â¬â Migrant labour, Military Service related and pastoral agriculture Transhumance Migratory Movement Ã¢â¬â Includes motion of people from one portion of the universe to another, e.g. from China to Southeast Asia, from Europe or Africa to north America and from Eastern US to Western portion Rural Exodus Ã¢â¬â Migration from rural countries to metropoliss Forced Migration Ã¢â¬â Due to disease, war, dearth A ; catastrophe All of these types of migration played a important function in spread of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. Migration is governed by certain Torahs of societal scientific disciplines which have following cardinal points. Every migration flow generates a return or counter migration Majority of migrators move a short distance Migrants traveling long distances choose large metropoliss Urban occupants are less migratory than rural dwellers Young grownups are more likely to travel so households Migration occurs because persons search for nutrient, sex and security outside their usual habitation Labor markets in industrialised economic systems are regulated by migration. There are certain factors which force people to travel out of their bing home ground to topographic points which are attractive. These factors are known as push and pull factors as shown in the tabular array. Pull Factors Job chances, Better life conditions, Political and/or spiritual freedom, Enjoyment, Education, Better medical attention, Security, Family links, Industry, Better opportunities of happening wooing Push Factors Not plenty occupations, Few chances, Ã¢â¬Å" Crude Ã¢â¬ conditions, Desertification, Famine/drought, Political fear/persecution, Poor medical attention, Loss of wealth, Natural Disasters, Death menaces, Slavery, Pollution, Poor lodging, Landlords, Bullying, Poor opportunities of happening wooing Relationship between HIV/AIDS and Migration Linkss between HIV/AIDS and migration are close and complex. The current geographics of the AIDS epidemic is besides the hint to its nexus with mobility. It has been observed in surveies that the highest incidence of HIV/AIDS is non in the poorest states but those with good conveyance substructure, comparatively high degrees of economic development and considerable internal and cross-border migration. Understanding the relationship between mobility and AIDS can therefore aid in the anticipation and therefore the bar of spread elsewhere. There are four cardinal ways in which migration is tied to the rapid spread and High prevalence of HIV/AIDS: There is a higher rate of infection in Ã¢â¬Ëmigrant communities Ã¢â¬Ë which are frequently socially, economically and politically marginalized. The societal webs of migrators create chance for nomadic sexual networking. Migration gives in itself as mentioned above chance to people and do them more vulnerable to high hazard sexual behaviour. Migration makes people hard to make through intercessions such as instruction, rubber proviso, HIV proving and post infection intervention and attention. Empirical grounds of the nexus between HIV/AIDS and migration In South Africa the incidence of HIV has been found to be higher near roads and amongst people who either have personal migration experience or have sexual spouses who are migrators. In Southern and West Africa, migratory workers and their sexual spouses have a higher degree of infection rates than general population. You read "HIV And Migration Health And Social Care Essay" in category "Essay examples" Traveling Traders and truck drivers often show stunningly high rates of infection as reported in another South African Study. Boundary line towns have higher rates of HIV prevalence, being topographic points where transients such as truck drivers etc come in contact with local population which is distant from centrally oriented national AIDS control plans. High Hazard Groups Young labourers seeking employment in center or high income states after making as labour immigrants and going economically feasible tend to indulge in active sexual patterns including unprotected commercial sex with multiple spouses. Refugees and internally displaced individuals have besides been found to be particularly vulnerable to HIV infection because of the same break that caused them to migrate. e.g. refuge adult females raped by soldiers. Sexual activity is portion of certain labour civilizations in which migrators from really low socioeconomic backgrounds arrive in countries where physical labour like mining etc is required. These labourers are forced into sex by supervisors and chance suppliers. This includes homosexualism and heterosexualism and so the person has sex with the spouse at place. Peoples who spend clip off from place due to the nature of their work and autumn into multiple short term relationships inclusive of commercial sex, vitamin E g in Zambia low income work forces populating off from place for one or two months a twelvemonth are twice every bit likely to get HIV so work forces populating at place. Gender kineticss besides have different hazards of exposures to HIV in migration as adult females are peculiarly at hazard of transactional sex. AIDS patients and Migration Peoples with AIDS normally return to populate with households to obtain attention. This includes traveling from Urban to rural or from a high income to a low income state. e.g. South Africa to Lesotho Some migrate back to supply attention to patient at place Loss of household income due to decease of a gaining household member by AIDS causes other household members to migrate seeking work chances. In countries where decease and enervation due to HIV is doing diminution in productiveness and addition in poorness, dwellers are forced to travel out. High rates of decease in certain labour sectors forces people to migrate from other parts into that country. Peoples with diagnosed HIV may migrate to avoid stigmatisation by their ain community or to seek better wellness attention for their unwellness. This involves cross-border motions to a state perceived to hold better wellness attention installations. HIV/AIDS decease toll consequences in spreads and economical deficits taking states to seek replacing accomplishments from other parts of the universe. AIDS orphans and widows or widowmans who sometimes are septic themselves besides migrate to populate with other relations or have to remarry confronting resettlement. HIV A ; Migration Ã¢â¬â Regional impact Europe Harmonizing to important migratory tracts there are considerable differences across Europe. Greece, Portugal. Serbia and Spain provide beginnings casting HIV-1 as these states attract tourers and therefore HIV migrate from southern to Central Europe by agencies of septic travellers. Migratory marks are Austria, Belgium and Luxembourg and therefore highlighted as HIV migratory marks. Bidirectional motion occurs across Denmark, Germany, Italy, Norway, Netherland, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. Luxembourg has the highest rate of imported infections with most tracts arising in Portugal, while Netherlands has been found to hold the most diverse geographical beginning of HIV research workers have found that HIV migration from bi directional states was important. Asia In Asia the most important states in context of AIDS are Bangladesh, China, Srilanka, North Korea, India, Indonesia, Thailand and Mongolia. Although in remainder of Asia the pandemic degree is comparatively low but the nature of socio-economic characteristics can take to an detonation of an epidemic. In India entirely there are 5.1 million people populating with HIV i.e. 2nd largest after South Africa. There are migrators within this part who really frequently face poverty favoritism and development. They besides suffer from disaffection and a sense of namelessness and small entree to healthcare services instruction and separation from households. All these factors make them more vulnerable to get HIV. There is a big incidence of harlotry amongst migrators in these countries along with pattern of unprotected sex and cross boundary line commercial sex work farther lending to distribute of HIV. United states In North America there is high motion of immigrants from all parts of the Earth. USA and Brazil are of import in this context. USA for the past 20 old ages had a policy of prohibition over entry of anyone who is HIV positive. On October 31 2009 the US president announced that the prohibition was traveling to be lifted and from January 2010 anyone positive with HIV will non be denied entry to US on this footing. This proclamation was taken with a positive response in relation to cut downing the stigma associated with HIV. The figure of people populating in Brazil with HIV is 727601 the spread of HIV in Brazil is mostly attributed to the frequent migration of the population within the national boundary lines as opposed to international migration. Australia Australia best exemplifies the relationship of AIDS and migration as because of its independent geographical state of affairs and regulated in-migration Torahs the control of AIDS epidemic has been extremely successful. Australia besides has a policy harmonizing to which any immigrant who is HIV positive at clip of application is denied in-migration or is put in to a procedure of entreaty which is long plenty for the applier to retreat from the procedure. Africa Seventy per cent of the 36 million people septic worldwide with HIV live in Sub-Saharan Africa and within this part the states of Southern Africa are the worst affected. The eight states with the highest rates of infection are in Southern Africa, followed by six states in East Africa, and so five other states, merely one exterior Africa. The grounds why the highest rates of infection in the universe occur in Southern Africa are ill-defined. Although the states of the part have much in common, their histories over the last 20 old ages have been really different. AIDS in Africa is a pandemic affecting lives of over 22.5 million people in Sub Saharan Africa entirely. Swaziland, Botswana, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, Zambia, Malawi, Central African Republic, Mozambique, United Republic of Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Cote di Ivoire, Cameroon, Kenya, Burundi, Liberia, Haiti and Nigeria have the highest Numberss of HIV positive patients. Significant illustration of Zimbabwean migration to neighbouring provinces is disputed, estimations range from more than three million people to a few hundred 1000, doing it hard to do an overall appraisal of the spread of HIV/AIDS transference Similarly South African migration undertaking ( SAMP ) found that migration was one of the chief factors lending Proposed Solutions towards cut downing the hazard of HIV spread through migration HIV has been recognized as one of the taking wellness challenges in the universe today so most of the stairss mentioned are already implemented in some states but still spreads in policies and wellness systems need to be filled As proposed by UNAIDS Labor migration policies need to be implemented and integrated in all facets of wellness system including Government statute law, actions by Civil Society, Workers organisations and concerns and international spouses to give maximal protection and services to migrating labour from HIV as a vulnerable group. Health programmes in states should aim non merely the national populations but besides be aimed at migrators, travellers and tourers who are both major beginning and marks of HIV. It is of import non to stigmatise migrators as carriers of disease. Peoples to be kept out is short sighted and encourages xenophobia farther marginalising already vulnerable migratory communities and exacerbates the socio-economic conditions that contribute to distribute of HIV. Legal limitations that attempt to forestall migration create clandestine flows of people, excluded from entree to medical and societal services. Alternatively of ineffectual efforts to forestall people from traveling, there need to be HIV/AIDS intercessions from instruction and bar through proving and reding to intervention and attention that are designed for and targeted at peculiar migratory populations. Focused intercessions in new locations for migrators until they become incorporate good into the new societies. Trans-migrants who have more than one places need intercessions at all their occupant topographic points. Mobile population are the most hard to make but can be given intercessions harmonizing to motions like rubbers at truck Michigans, Education stuff in coachs and nomadic clinics. Rapid response in extremely nomadic signifier for communities seeking safety in conditions like war. Inculcating migrators with instruction, bar, proving and intervention is the best manner of supplying protection to vulnerable communities seeking support through migration. How to cite HIV And Migration Health And Social Care Essay, Essay examples
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Credibility on Aquasana Sales Force Plan. Answer: Introduction The development of a Sales force plan for the company is aimed at helping the company meet its sales targets. At Oman market, it will help in extending its serviceprovision in the advancement of its mission to provide best-class filtration product that will enable every home to enjoy the great and healthy water. However, it is important to note entering a new market requires an effective marketing strategic plan upon which the company should seek to establish before entering the market. Market dynamics have increased due to increased innovations and development of new products. Due to these changes, many companies are presented with great challenges as increased market dynamics bring about many things, which the company can change as well as those beyond their control. It is important to note that businesses are greatly influenced by the environments in which they operate. Therefore, businesses need to keep a constant check and provide an analysis of the environments within which the market lays. Therefore, an effective analysis of the factors that would influence the sale targets of Aquasana Company at Oman can be done through the use SWOT analysis. In this case, the SWOT analysis helps in analyzing the internal and external factors that can affect the business. The internal factors influencing sales targets, in this case, would be the company strengths as well as weakness while the external factors include the threats as well as opportunities which may also have an influence on the business. The analysis is therefore important as it helps the managers in deciding whether they should take advantage of a new opportunities in the business, deal with changes to your competition operations as well as help in implementing new technology. The company offers water solutions and forms one of the largest leading brands offering pure water solutions for homes. They believe that tasting water and healthy environments are the most important components of healthy living and the overall wellbeing. The company boasts of using the best in class filtering technology as well as innovations to provide maximum reduction in water contaminants globally. Building on the Company Internal Strengths SWOT Analysis, in this case, will help the company to achieve the following benefits: Identify areas of the business that are performing well, which is very important as they form or establish the companys competitive advantage. The strengths of the company will be important in determining the success of the business in any new market as they generally used a force to enter the new markets. For instance, in the Oman market where there is great potential for the company to succeed and increase its sales targets, the company needs, therefore, to develop and capitalize on its strengths (Bravo-Biosca et al., p.724, 2014). The major company strengths are built on the brand. The company water filters have been certified by NSF to reduce common water contaminants. The company boasts to be the leader in water filtration engineering and innovative technology. The company also offers its customers great benefits of enjoying a variety of products that are affordable and environmentally friendly. The brand value lies in certified 97% chlorine removal and allow the customers to get pure water. The fact that its products are environmentally friendly is a major strength in penetrating new markets, as the products will find favor before the government in terms of obtaining the relevant legislation documents. Conducting a SWOT analysis helps to identify these weaknesses and improving before they become a problem for the company: Product or company weaknesses form part of the internal environmental factor affecting many businesses. It is important therefore for the company before venturing into the Oman market to identify its weakness. Weaknesses do not mean that the company is doing badly but acts as a characteristic that the business is at the disadvantage to others (Bello2014, p.51). One of the greatest weaknesses of the company has been in dealing with waste disposal after filtering the water. However, this has been reduced by ensuring that all company water filter components are made in a way that allow for minimal waste. This is done by ensuring that our reusable outer filter casings as well as filter cartridges are made of recyclable part and compostable materials. Seizing the Opportunities It is also important for the business to take advantage of new opportunities especially in the new markets and maximize them to make greater profits: Some of these opportunities may include an increase in global new consumer trends as well as the daily changes in the markets. Seizing opportunities also create a competitive edge for the business by actively closing any market gap to the advantage of the company. The company has, therefore, a great opportunity to take advantage of the new market in Oman where there is great demand for great tasting and healthy water. Counteracting threats Identification of threats is also important if the company wants to increase its sales targets: Threats, in this case, include all theexternal business factors that could be of problems to the business operations currently or in future. Changes in markets, competitors new advertising strategy and new government strategies can be considered as threats. These, however, can be counteracted depending on the company strengths and weaknesses. The company should also focus on addressing individual issues such as the development of new products, organizational structure, advertising strategy as well as its operational efficiency. SWOT Analysis Strengths - Company brand to offer tasting and healthy water. - Ability to reduce common water contaminants - Filtering engineering and innovative technology - Customer focus - Environmental friendly products Weaknesses - Challenge of dealing with waste disposal - Lack of product diversification though innovation Opportunities - The global new consumer trends - Lack of quality water services in Oman - Lack competitive water engineering and innovative technology in Oman Threats - Competition from existing companies - Unfavorable government regulations - Market segmentation Aquasana growth strategy (Corporate) and a generic strategy (Business) Growth strategy can either be corporate or business one. One of the most difficult things or challenge for many business managers is managing rapid growth because the business is normally faced with both opportunities and challenges. It is therefore important for the business to identify and create a good growth strategy. In this respect, Porters generic Competitive Strategies can be used to determine if the companys productivity is more or less than the average industry standards. Sustainable competitive advantage is considered as the basis of the average industry standards. Therefore, it might be possible for Aquasana Water Solutions Company to possess the two basic types of competitive advantage in the form of low cost or differentiation. The following model will clarify the concept of competitive strategies. Diversification strategy in the market will help Aquasana to penetrate into the new market where there is no operating business. In this way, they will be able to create an innovative product in the new market and thus, expand their previous product line with similar kinds of products. The strategies in diversification include development of new products or markets, acquirement of a company, collaboration with a company and others. One of the first steps to developing an effective growth strategy is by focusing on the business or company strengths other than concentrating on the weaknesses. Most of the business weaknesses are solved when the strengths outdo the weaknesses. Therefore, Aquasana Water Solutions Company should give more focus on their service delivery and ensuring that every family enjoys a great tasting of healthy water. Provision of quality services to its customers and great innovative solutions, as well as environmental conservation, should be the top priority of the company. This will help the company meet its sales targets as compared to concentrating on company weaknesses. Business strategy of a company is defined as their plan to meet certain objectives. The strategies become successful when the business experiences growth, a competitive position in the market and a powerful financial base. An effective growth strategy will be determined by the ability of the company to establish its value proposition. In this case, Aquasana should identify the factors, which sets it apart from other competitors for them to boost their sales targets (Khan and Quaddus, p. 278, 2015). Moreover, it is largely recognized in protecting and conserving the environment through innovative technology, which is able to reduce the filtering contaminants. It needs to be given more attention as it is the value proposition of the company. Aquasanashould use the strategy of cost leadership and differentiation, which affect the growth of the company. By doing so, the company is able to dedicate more time and resources. A good business strategy will also be achieved if the company is able to verify its revenue stream. The future of any company is determined by the ability of the company to attract new talents from the job market. Investing in new talent is a great growth for the strategy as they bring about new skills into the company, innovations and can help in delivering better services to the company clients as compared to the existing workforce. It is also of great importance for the company to focus on their competitors and learn about their growth strategies in order to maintainrelevance despite the increased market dynamics. Defining the Sales Target for 2016-2017, based on the environmental analysis In order to define the sales target for the year 2016/17 based on the environmental analysis. It is important to understand that these targets can only be met when there is sustainability in the business as it forms the backbone of every business. Sustainability in business can be seen in two different angles where we have economic sustainability as well as environmental sustainability (Wang Miao2015, p. 2376). Economic sustainability of any business can be achieved through natural capital which comes from the environment, human capital resource which is determined by talented labour, productive capital which results from company productive activities as well as social capital from social trusts and interrelations and finally the financial capital which is used to connect all the other capitals resources and help the company grow and sustain an economy. Environmental sustainability, on the other hand, is directly focused on the physical environment. The sales targets for the year 2016/17 for the company through expansion and entry into the Oman new markets are expected to increase by 5% of the existing sales. To achieve this company will be required to focus more on internal strengths and minimize its weaknesses based on the environmental analysis. The company is also expected to identify new opportunities within the Oman market and maximize them to the benefit of the company. All the operations of the company should be aimed at managing and conserving the environment in order to increase its corporate social responsibility initiatives. Young and middle-aged customers-----------------3% increase The aged group of customers-----------------------2% increase New customers expected------------------------------=(3-2)= 1% expected increase With an increase of sale targets of the three class or groups of customers will help the company attain an annual sales target of 5 % at the end of the year. Sales targets for Aquasana The volume of sales of water heater for both household and commercial purpose of Aquasana as per the 2017 report is given below: Oman: $1765.4 Rest of the world: $997.7 Inter segment sales: -(20.5) Total net sales: $2742.6 billion(Johnstonand Marshall, 2016, p. 8) A sale target in Oman for 2016- 17 according to the sale plan has followed a total percentage of international sales: Current sales volume= $2742.6 billion Number of Sales Person=Total Sales/Estimated sales of per person =2742.6 billion/3 billion=914 sales persons Sales Territory Expected sales Muscat $1000 Sohar $200 Ibri $200 Barka $200 Total $1600 Table: Target sales territory Sales force plan to achieve the defined sales targets, Sales Force Size Tertiary Design for Oman with clear justification This simple sales force plan can be used to achieve the sales targets for Oman. Since this would be a new market, the first step would be identifying with strangers or the people of the area,which forms a basis for creating awareness (BansalDesJardine, 2014, p. 78). The next step would be to connect with the people, and in this case, the salespeople will give some leads to the strangers they have already identified themselves with. Then from the leads, it is easy to identify the qualified leads and this given a further analysis for consideration. The salespeople are able to explore the leads for sales opportunities and advise them on the company products and may end up becoming company customers. A plan for sales training and techniques for the effective sales performance of the sales team of Aquasana Different managers used different techniques to increase or improve the sales performances of the company based on performance of the sales team. Below is a plan for the sales training and techniques for effective sales performance. The first training technique would understand the product (Gamble Thompson, 2014). This greatly helps in understanding the needs of the customer and tailoring the product to provide the best solution to their problems using the product. The second sales training and technique would be reward specific performances and encourage the sales teams that they are doing a great job which boosts their morale and confidence in their work to become the best. It is also important for the managers to avoid overtraining of the sales team. This can have a negative effect on their natural talents and confidence and therefore the training should be kept short but consistent with microlearning (Crane Matten, 2016). Offering field training is also a very crucial sales technique as it provides a detailed feedback from their moments of interaction and social encounters. However, telling success stories to the sales team does a magic to their productivity. It instills a sense of unity in the company salespeople and encourages them to work harder and even smarter to achieve not only their goals but also the company goals. Customer Relationship Strategies to Build a Loyal Customer Base (flower model) Based on the flower model, it defines various market domains, which are interdependent but not necessarily have the dame importance in the company. Each market domain plays an important role different from each other and Aquasana needs to adopt the domains, which are relevant to help them build a loyal customer base. The figure below shows a Six Market Flower Model which can be effective in building a loyal customer base. Customer markets: The success of a company is dependent on the relationship the company is able to make with its customers. The sales people therefore play are a very important role in fostering the client or customer relationships with the company as they act as the first face of the company. The customers are usually the greatest assets a company can ever have (Johnstonand Marshall, 2016, p. 8). It is therefore important for the management to develop effective customer relationships strategies for the sales team in order to equip them builds a loyal customer base. This can be achievedby learning about your customers or getting to know them. The customers include all the people who have continued using the water filter of Aquasana. The company need to kow the requirements of the customers (Bolander et al. 2015, p. 11). Secondly, it is also important that the sales team learn to live by the customer complaints. These complaints give the salespeople or team an opportunity to hear from the customers of what they think about the product or the service. Referral markets: It is very easy for the company to increase their customer base by taking opportunity of the existing customers. Most companies have therefore developed referral strategy whereby they use their existing customers to refer new clients to them. The existing customers usually have an experience with the company and therefore it is easy for them to trust someone who has had past experiences with the company compared to a stranger (Aranda et al. 2015, p. 1202). Most customers are able to buy or consume a certain product merely because they can trust you and not just because of the product. Recruitment Markets: most companies do not recognize the importance of these markets in building relationships with customers. An employee with the right attitude towards work is likely to contribute to positive relationships as he or she lives as per the brand of the work. However, an employee with a negative attitude despite having the right skills will not be able to bring good clients or customers to the company. The company, therefore needs to be careful on their recruitment strategies and should ensure that they develop the company brand right from the recruitment (Wynn 2012, p. 354). The main goal is to implementing effective customer relationship management strategies aimed at improving customer relationship and contribute to increased client retention. Internal markets: the company can also focus on the internal market as it plays a very important role in relationship marketing. Improving employee relationships within the organization is very critical in developing brand development and enhancing marketing. The company should therefore focus on training the employees and keep them updated with the current market trends, motivate them using both monetary and non-monetary gifts and always feel concerned of their welfare. A satisfied employee will transform the same energy into bringing good clients and customers to the organizations or company compared to unsatisfied employee. The Influence Market: the market is comprised of various market forces, which may directly or indirectly impact on the business. Such markets include the environment markets, the financial markets, government as well as the competitors markets. Having knowledge of these four markets will help the company develop products, which cost effective, competitive in the market and are environmental friendly. A company brand or product that is cautious of these markets is able to build long lasting relationships not only with the customers but also with the external world and hence give it a competitive advantage. Supplier/Alliance Markets: the supplier markets are engaged in selling or distributing the products to relevant business locations and therefore the markets are market based. On the other hand, the alliance markets are knowledge based and provide useful information about a certain product. Such markets are also very critical in building loyal customer based; suppliers can be a channel for marketing a certain product or brand in a certain region while alliance markets develop customer trusts by providing knowledge on the product. The company therefore needs to venture into these markets and utilize any opportunity available to build customer relationships. Conclusion There is indeed great potential for Aquasana to venture into the Oman market. The success of the venture into the new market will depend on the specific sales strategies employed to meet the sales targets for the company. It is therefore important to analyze and have sufficient knowledge on the business environment in which the business operates. Understanding the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats available in the market is a very critical tool for Aquasana to adopt or initiate a sales policy or decision. However, the company has to allocate a sale effort as well as determine the sales force size and identifying the sales territories in the region. The sales team of the company in Oman needs, therefore, to be trained on the sales techniques as well as on customer relationships techniques. This will eventually lead to successful venture into a new market and meet the sales targets of the company. List of References Aranda, C., Arellano, J. and Davila, A., 2014. Ratcheting and the role of relative target setting.The Accounting Review, 89(4), pp.1197-1226. Armstrong, G., Kotler, P., Harker, M. and Brennan, R., 2015. Marketing: an introduction. Pearson Education. Bansal, P. and DesJardine, M.R., 2014. Business sustainability: It is about time. Strategic Organization, 12(1), pp.70-78. Bello, B., 2014. Growth strategies for very small organizations: A case study of a very small entrepreneurship. International Journal of Organizational Innovation (Online), 6(4), p.51. Bol, J.C. and Lill, J.B., 2015. Performance target revisions in incentive contracts: Do information and trust reduce ratcheting and the ratchet effect?.The Accounting Review, 90(5), pp.1755-1778. Bolander, W., Satornino, C.B., Hughes, D.E. and Ferris, G.R., 2015. Social networks within sales organizations: Their development and importance for salesperson performance. Journal of Marketing, 79(6), pp.1-16. Botha, A., Kourie, D. and Snyman, R., 2014. Coping with continuous change in the business environment: Knowledge management and knowledge management technology.Elsevier. Bravo-Biosca, A., Criscuolo, C. and Menon, C., 2016. What drives the dynamics of business growth?.Economic Policy, 31(88), pp.703-742. Brooks, G., Heffner, A. and Henderson, D., 2014. A SWOT analysis of competitive knowledge from social media for a small start-up business.The Review of Business Information Systems (Online), 18(1), p.23. Crane, A. and Matten, D., 2016. Business ethics: Managing corporate citizenship and sustainability in the age of globalization.Oxford University Press. Fleisher, C.S. and Bensoussan, B.E., 2015. Business and competitive analysis: effective application of new and classic methods. FT Press. Gamble, J. and Thompson, A.A., 2014. Essentials of strategic management.Irwin Mcgraw-Hill. Johnston, M.W. and Marshall, G.W., 2016. Sales force management: Leadership, innovation, technology. Routledge. Khan, E.A. and Quaddus, M., 2015.Examining the influence of business environment on socio-economic performance of informal microenterprises: content analysis and partial least square approach.International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 35(3/4), pp.273-288. Mariadoss, B.J., Milewicz, C., Lee, S. and Sahaym, A., 2014. Salesperson competitive intelligence and performance: The role of product knowledge and sales force automation usage. Industrial Marketing Management, 43(1), pp.136-145. Wang, G. and Miao, C.F., 2015. Effects of sales force market orientation on creativity, innovation implementation, and sales performance. Journal of Business Research, 68(11), pp.2374-2382. Wynn, G.W., 2015. The effects of a salespersons credibility on other salespersons and sales managers. In Proceedings of the 1987 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference (pp. 353-358). Springer, Cham.
Thursday, April 2, 2020
Chartism By Thomas Carlyle One of the most salient social problems of the Victorian period was the struggle of the working class. In Chartism by Thomas Carlyle, the problem is outlined; in William Dodd's narrative, it is recounted from personal experience. Elizabeth Gaskell's North and South is a fictional account of the very real condition of England. Clearly, questions of social and economic injustice were on the front burner even as the social oppression transpired. Another very prominent feature of Victorian England was religion, more specifically Christianity. William Dodd and Bessy Higgins are individuals who have endured enormous suffering, who have lost any sort of quality of life to the factories, and yet adhere perhaps even more strongly to their faith. Thomas Carlyle, "with purse oftenest in the flaccid state," bears closely in mind the fact that "[he has] the miraculous breath of Life in [him], breathed into [his] nostrils by Almighty God" (Carlyle, p. 37). Margaret Hale, who is of modest but comfortable means, witnesses a multitude of sufferings during her time in Milton, but she maintains her lofty notions of God and Christianity, even as her father, a man of the church, questions the godliness of the church's economic practices. How does it come to pass that humans can endure and/or witness such suffering as was endured by the working classes of 19th century England and maintain their religious convictions all the same? It seems that the coexistence of the two phenomena would, or should cause some cognitive dissidence for a pious person, but here are four examples of people, two fictional (Bessy and Margaret), two real (Carlyle and Dodd), who can apparently reconcile religion and suffering. Perhaps Christianity was so ingrained in the culture and in these individuals that faith was more of a reflex than a conscious decision. Dodd raises the question, but dispels it without ever actually examining it. Near the very end of his narrative he asks, "Is it consistent with the character of this enlightened, Christian country...that we, worn-out, cast-off cripples of the manufacturers, should be left to die of want at home? ?Forbid it, Heaven." (Dodd, pp. 318-319). His assertion of inconsistency is correct, but Heaven, despite his appeal, had clearly not forbidden a thing. The God in whom he has placed his faith has allowed for his suffering, and the church that he respects and to which he submits himself has not acted on his behalf. Either England was a Christian country in name only, or the Christian church cared little about the welfare of individuals who hadn't the means to make a donation; either way, the issue of moral impropriety in the church itself is another issue. The fact remains that any society that is content to send children to labor in factories at an exceedingly young age, as Dodd was, lacks the moral grain that one would suppose is integral to upholding religious fervor. Carlyle takes a fairly businesslike and not religious approach to his condition of England manifesto, but the overwhelming Christian sentiment of the era naturally finds its way into his writings. He seems to be of the mind that God has given him enough simply by giving him life, but as a non-Christian, non-religious reader of Chartism, the very mention of Christianity and the overwhelming injustice of England's social structure at the time is an inherent paradox. There is something of a synapse in reasoning where he contends that "...society ?exists for the preservation of property'" (Carlyle, p. 36), but maintains that the English social structure is a Christian one. The fault lies not in Christianity per se; Jewish people, for example, have struggled since the Holocaust to reconcile their own faith with such an abhorrent occurrence that viciously seized the lives of six million Jews and six million others. Still, the problem of intellectual and emotional dissidence remains the same. Perhaps the most perplexing of all of these characters is Bessy Higgins. She not only maintains her ardently religious beliefs in the face of utter physical ruin caused by factory working at too young an age and the loss of her mother, but actually seems to draw upon her suffering to amplify her faith. Bessy is resigned to death, even anticipates and welcomes death, which is not unheard of considering how ill she is?save for the fact that she is only nineteen years old. It is her faith, her utter devotion to the Bible and to her notions of God and Heaven that make death seem a welcome reprieve from the suffering that she has endured, albeit
Sunday, March 8, 2020
Botany of desire essays In the Botany of Desire by Michael Pollan chapter one The Apple and chapter four The potato emphasizes on how humans have taken stand in trying to control nature by the use of technology such as genetic engineering. The dream of controlling the seed of plants such as apples and potato's to satisfy the human desire for perfection. A process that goes farther back then genetic engineering, it goes back to farmers and simply planting a seed. The way Johnny Appleseed planted apples in the new world and the Europeans introduced the potato to the Irish. America's desire for sweet, beautiful apples and for long french fries is leading us towards an agricultural disaster in the future. As ambitious scientist strive to convince the world that altering foods by using technology such as genetic engineering will benefit human kind, public opinion or environmentalists such as Pollan argue that they pose a threat to human kind and the planet. Human have tried to alter their environment ever since the beginning of time to make their lives easier by growing their own food. A world were technology is the answer to almost everything and humans have committed to rely on science to solve the problems that science itself has caused. For instance foods like the New leaf potato, created by Monsanto, that have natural insecticide built into their genes to protect themselves from insects and disease without the help of pesticides. The New Leaf potato has Bt to create a toxin that kills the Colorado potato beetle. What will happen when these beetles develop a resistant to this insecticide? It will become useless, and scientist will have to fix that problem by developing a stron ger insecticide that could cause dangers to human health.Organic growers use this because its natural, but after insects grow resistant to it , they will know longer be able to protect there crops. One could suggest to go completely organic. It could be done ...
Thursday, February 20, 2020
EU Constitutional Law - Essay Example The frustration with integration theories was due to, first, the scope of the study of integration, second, the participants who were effectively engendering integration and third, the process or mechanism of integration. This approach indicated the importance of certain factors, which had been omitted in the initial assessment. Despite, rejection by the intergovernmental conference, the proposed introduction showed that the Convention's aim was to vitalize the idea of democracy. The democratic constitution of the European Communities was considered unimportant and unnecessary by many scholars who felt that an internal market endorsed individual freedom1. In spite of this, the EU's transformation from purely economic to political cooperation has necessitated such thinking. The Amsterdam Treaty2 has incorporated democracy as a fundamental value into the foundational treaties3. Article 2 of the Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe4 (CT) lists democracy as a central value of the Union and Articles 1- 47 buttresses this notion under the title "The Democratic Life of the Union" as representative5 and participatory6 democracy. Although, the necessity of democratic governance is universally recognized its discourse, premises and content are frequently discussed7. The holistic approach is based on society and the assumption that there exists a common good which differs from the aggregate of all individual interests. The subject of legitimacy in the individualist position refers to the individual and hence, the aim of public policy is to promote individual interests. A state-centered collectivist approach deters further integration and limits decision-making to the national parliaments8. Hence, at the European level, the Council of Ministers have to play a vital role and from an individualistic perspective and the European Parliament, which represents the European citizenry is the main organ for obtaining democratic legitimacy9. Foundation. The holistic legitimacy concept justifies the state-centered democratic vision, which states that only national peoples are subjects of legitimacy. Since, minorities accept majority decisions only if the citizenry has a certain national homogeneity, legitimacy has to be derived from national parliaments. Hence, absence of a European demos is a hurdle to further integration. The legitimacy of the state-centered, collectivist approach is dubious as no relationship exists between society and the nation state10, which is independent of a national or homogenous group11 or a cultural, religious or social consensus. Constitutional Treaty and Legitimacy. Article 2 CT lists dignity and individual liberty in the Union's fundamental values with the individualistic concept of democracy being adopted theoretically and it accords center stage to the individual in the European legal order, which is further strengthened by the guarantee of equality prescribed in Articles 2 and 45 CT. These provisions grant European citizens equal rights, rendering mediation of citizen's rights by a state or nation unnecessary. Therefore, the guarantee of liberty and equality exemplify that the European Constitution is based on an individualistic concept of democracy12. Article 1 (1) CT, lists the will of the member states to build a common future beneath
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
PETROLEUM POLLUTION IN INTERNATIONAL WATERS -(THE ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND TREATIES) - Literature review Example To achieve this end, reviewer will concisely and critically discuss the literatureÃ¢â¬â¢s structure, contents and evaluate if international laws are appreciated in resolving petroleum pollution cases in high seas. Content: Preventing Oil Spill thru Standards Authors of this literature are Nicholas P. Chereminisinoff and Paul Rosenfeld. They are chemical engineer and environmental chemist respectively with expertise on environmental pollution prevention and ecological restoration programs. Chereminisinoff and Rosenfeld aimed to share high impact contribution on pollution control processes by probing into petroleum industry to document best management practices and models, cleaner production of technologies and pollution prevention practices. This is clearly depicted in the title of the journal Pollution Prevention and Cleaner Industry: Best Practices in Petroleum Industry. Structurally, the literatures have no Abstract section but concise topic and themes where explicated in the Pre face Section. Authors detailed prevention of oil spill in six chapters, all of which had separate introduction, body and conclusion. Each chapter has proper author referencing to corroborate studies and they prescribed other references for further reading too. The document is sufficient of originality for journals, logically concluded with illustration and can be summarized without sacrifice to content. Authors indicated in introduction their serious concern on petroleum pollution in both land, air and high seas citing impact to industries, corporation and vessel owners that are supposedly boxed by policies on standard quality control (applied to oil extraction industry), corporation laws, maritime laws, insurance and environmental policies. Petroleum pollutionÃ¢â¬â¢s devastating impact to ecosystem were all pointed in the introduction citing issues on protection, compliance to regulations, toxic management, performance audit, and the like. Thus, authors at the outset asserted tha t corporations engaged in the extraction and distribution of petroleum across continents should have transparent Environmental Aspects in accordance to internationally ISO standards for standard quality control to prevent disasters and environmental destructions. They urged corporate entities to strictly adhere to regulations by exercising strategic corporate planning, standard operational system, environmental protection standards, risk management, regular performance appraisal and thorough environmental impact assessments. As hypothetical assertion, they argued that corporation should not just generate revenue but must include pollution prevention for cost Ã¢â¬âefficiency, especially that oil extraction and distribution is a capital intensive venture. Authors manifested that they disfavored extractive industryÃ¢â¬â¢s productivity at the expense of environment and public safety. On methodology, authors did not expressly stated how data collection was done but their handbook cl early depicted the use of mixed qualitative and quantitative research studies that absorbed empirical facts which covered (a) comprehensive narration about petroleum industry, quality standards required in its facilities and operations and about quality
Monday, January 27, 2020
Marfan Syndrome Disorder Marfan syndrome In the early centuries some people might have had Marfan syndrome. Most will ask Ã¢â¬Å"What is Marfan Syndrome?Ã¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Do I have Marfan syndrome?Ã¢â¬ But our scientists answer theses questions about Marfan syndrome. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the connective tissue. Some in what the connective tissue does or provides is substances that support tendons, ligaments, blood vessel walls, carilages, heart valves and many other structures. In 1896 Antoine Marfan, a French doctor, discovered Marfan syndrome when he had a patient. As a boy who was fourteen years old (the patient), wanted to always become a basketball champ or at least a player but his coach didnt like the way he looks so the fourteen year old boy went to see Dr. Marfan. The doctor first didnt see but then finally he saw the problem. The young boy was more than 6 and a half feet tall. He was really skinny and had long arms, legs, and fingers. He told the young man to avoid team sports because he might have a blood vessel problem too. After investigating the young boy Then soon the doctor then named this disorder Marfan syndrome, after himself. Over the years some scientists began experimenting about Marfan syndrome and how it affects the human body. Trying to look at all the people with it and how bad it has diagnosed everyone. They soon discovered that every child with a parent that has Marfan syndrome has a 50% chance of getting it passed on to them. Although Marfan syndrome affects one person in every five thousand all over the world it is really rare. A lot of people are diagnosed with Marfan syndrome but it isnt that much noticeable to many people. You may look at a friend that is tall and skinny but that doesnt mean that they have Marfan syndrome. They might of just grown up that way in how well they ate or how well they had activity in their young childhood. If you want to find out if you have Marfan syndrome you need to go to four different doctors. You must check in with the geneticist first, then a cardiologist, an ophthalmologist, and finally an orthopedist. The geneticist looks at your disorders from genes of the family that you came from. (To see if anyone else had the disorder). A cardiologist looks at your heart and tests it out to see if you have any problems.(making sure if you have a heart related disease)Then an ophthalmologist checks your eyes to see if you have any huge or an enlarged pupils. And finally you check into and orthopedist for your bones. During this procedure the doctor(s) will check your arms, legs, ribs, fingers, and back to catch any problems or aches. Children with Marfan syndrome need to go to many doctors every single year for a long time. Because kids change and grow so quickly they got to be healthy and clean. Children with Marfan syndrome that have heart included problems need to take medicines called beta blockers, which help their heart stay on function and not leak through. Some kids even need surgery if they have a serious problem that is including Marfan syndrome. Kids with lazy eye will mostly need to wear glasses, and children with scoliosis need to wear a special back brace to help their back grow straight. As you know that many children need to get used to doing this at a very young age. Do people with Marfan syndrome have a long life? People with Marfan syndrome dont have as much chances as normal people to live up to one hundred of years old. They can but they arent really able to move. They are not as healthy to live a long life. They can not live a long life because they cant do many activities that exercise your body well enough and their hearts can not function well enough. Most people that have Marfan syndrome can not play most activities like soccer, football, hockey, tennis, and more energetic sports. They might play some games that more come and not as energetic. Most doctors might even say that they should not except to play team games. This genetic disorder (Marfan syndrome) affects mostly all people all over the world. Although you may see most boys have it, girls get affected by it more harmfully. They stop breathing or even need surgery. Females and males still do get infected by this rare disease but they still like the way their lives are. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in the fibrillin gene. This Misshapen in the fibrillin produced from the mutation weakens the tendons, ligaments, and other connective tissues in the human body. Marfan syndrome is a dominant trait. Meaning that two out of four children have the disorder or disease. The baby is born with this disorder and it is unusual that you will get after you birth. Many people have been doing research on the history of Marfan syndrome and they think that Abraham Lincoln might have been affected by Marfan syndrome. They think that Abraham Lincoln had Marfan syndrome because he was very tall, had long fingers that were elongated. Today, Marfan syndrome has received attention in the media largely as a result of health problems and deaths among very tall athletes, such as most basketball players and volleyball players. In the United States, it has been estimated that 40,000 or more people have Marfan syndrome. From back then to right now people have been diagnosed badly with Marfan syndrome. Some lost lives, some got serious surgeries, and some just got hurt. Marfan syndrome has got around for ages and will still continue to the future until somebody finds a cure. Some scientists are finding new ways to help the people who have Marfan syndrome but some are just normally finding a cure. Only if this terrible disease didnt hurt the world championship players that have helped the world.
Sunday, January 19, 2020
The study makes use of the financial data on Pakistani listed firms for 2001-2008 to look at the objective behind distribution of cash dividends. Based on the analysis it is found that poorly performing firms listed on Karachi Stock Market (KSE) having larger portion of non-tradable shares pay cash dividends. Because the holders of non-tradable shares (directors and block-holders) do not/cannot realize capital gains from positive change in the price of their holdings. The study finds that cash dividend distribution behavior of the poorly-performing firms is subjected to what the directors and block-holders prefer. The result advocates the findings of Faccio, Lang and Young (2006), Chen, Fung and Leung (2007) regarding cash channeling hypothesis. Key words: non-tradable shares; cash dividends; cash channeling hypothesis 1. Introduction Dividend policy for a firm means whether to pay or not pay; whether to pay in cash, in stocks or both in cash and stocks and how frequently to pay. Why do firms distribute cash dividends when they observe a decline in their earnings? Why not stock repurchases? Why not stock dividend? To look at this research issue, the research will evaluate the cash dividend distribution behavior of firms in light of different ownership structures having trading restrictions. KSE is a developing market of the region with not a sound regulatory framework. There is a shortage of managerial talent in the firms listed on the market. So it is reasonable to say that as compare to firms listed on the developed markets of United States and Europe, the firms listed on KSE do not observe good corporate governance practices generally. Louis Cheng, Fung Leung (2004). Moreover, to protect shareholder... ...ent variables i.e., Director Ownership, Financial institutions ownership, Block-holdersÃ¢â¬â¢ ownership to examine the relation with the dependent variable which is Cash-Dividend-to-assets. But there are some other variables that also affect the cash dividend distribution behavior of a firm. To control for that effect the study include those variables in the model. The control variables are Debt-to-Assets, Free Cash Flow per Share, Free Cash Flow to Assets, Earning per Share, Size of the firm and Return on Assets. 4. Results and Discussion 4.1 Descriptive Statistics Table 4.1 provides summary statistics of Cash Dividend to Assets, Director Ownership, Financial institutions ownership, Block-holders ownership, Free Cash flow to Assets, Earnings per Share Debt-to-Assets ratio, Return on Assets and firm size (LnAssets) of the sampled firms for the period 2001 to 2008.
Saturday, January 11, 2020
Insecurity shrouded me like a cold blanket. I wanted to cry, but the tears evaded my pale cheeks, held back by the numbness, the shrill, shrieking numbness that flowed though my veins chilling my blood. Comprehension escaped my every thought. My entire world had just collapsed instantaneously, like a fragile tower built from a pack of old decrepit playing cards. Yet my skeleton held me tall, erect and fixed to the spot. A manikinÃ¢â¬â¢s existence seemed comparable to mine. These thoughts and feelings can never be erased. They seem to be impregnated into the very structure of my biological make up, as if they are, in some strange way, a new set of genes. Provoked into action by a sight, sound or smell, each time the grooves of these emotions become etched deeper into my whole existence. Forgiveness being my salvation. Memory my tormentor. My motherÃ¢â¬â¢s death has left a long lasting rippling effect on my life and I am sure my brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s too. To some extent it even spills over into my childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. My childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s days have lacked the richness most grandmothers radiate to the existence of their grandchildren; their caring hands, their warm, gentle touch, their unchallenging, patient ear; knowledge and wisdom that only our elders possess through life experiences; wise words that may have infiltrated and enriched my childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, shaping, moulding and inspiring even an infinitesimal part of their lives. But they are to naive or could it be to innocent to understand how this would affect their own mortality. I was six, just a baby really. When I look at my own children I get totally blown away. Blown away by the whole impact of this entire life-changing event. Even now as an adult IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure if I could cope with such a traumatic experience. How did I cope that morning when I was awoken by the strange sounds of hushed voices? I do not even remember who told me; was not a member of my family. Not a single warming comforting face amongst any of them. From that moment on, my brothers, one younger, aged eighteen months and one older than myself, aged eight, lived with our grandparents and our aunt and uncle. We were whisked away from our roots that were, never to be returned to, or to be mentioned again; until we as adults felt the need to retrace, recollect and look at things in hindsight for our own satisfaction and personal needs. Many times I pondered and dwelt on the notion of revisiting those past concrete visions, visions edited by my own fair hand, captured and stored in the archives of my own being. At times, I wonder if I have all the pieces. I wonder if I collated and collected them as it really was. Did I miss something? Was that intentional? Do I really need to add, adjust or amend my visions and knowledge of that day? The ones I have become so accustomed to. Do I wish to discard my comfortable old slippers in exchange for a new pair that may irritate and cause blisters? These questions pose an eternal dilemma within me. I do have a wont, a desirer, a yearning you may call it, a yearning, which burns, burns for the truth. Yet truth has a partner, a partner called fear. This enormous fear hangs over me, like a guillotine hangs above the head of its victim. Would Mother Nature call that self-preservation? A disguised, darken angel, sent to protect me from the ills of truth? My life was totally transformed that spring morning. I was propelled out of a secure, warm, safe and caring environment, into a world that seemed at the time like a cold, stark, lonely and barren existence. This place was miles (not only in distance, but in emotion) from my normal surroundings. As an adult, I can compare the contrast of these two different settings with slightly more rationality. But then, all of those years ago, at that very moment in my life, analysing and evaluating the structural and materialistic things around me must have seemed an insignificant notion to have. I could not think about, let alone analyse, anything beyond my own tormented feelings of sheer pain, anguish, neglect, betrayal and above all anger. Yes anger! This was by far the overriding feeling. At times the anger was quashed by guilt, yet this sense of guilt burned deep inside fuelling the fire of the anger once more. Anger that my mother had left; disappeared, forever out of my life. Bereft of the tender, loving, affectionate hands that so often comforted me and tucked me neatly onto my warm, cosy bed. This bedtime thought always evoked copious tears to drench my pillow late at night. How dare my mother do that! Did she not know that parents live forever? Did she not realise that I would be the one that would be left to take the role of mother to her youngest son, my brother? This accolade I did not wish for. I was far too young to grasp the enormity of this duty bestowed upon me by circumstances. As a child you invent mysterious coping strategies to evade the inevitable truth. For weeks, after the death of my mother, denial was my master. I would slowly unfasten my eyes, as dawnÃ¢â¬â¢s uncaring hand stirred me from my serene slumber, shutting them firmly again in a flash. My logic at this age made perfect sense, I thought that if I did not see the world, then it did not exist. If the world did not exist, then I was not part of it either. If I were not part of the world, logic would have it, that I must be somewhere else. So if I were somewhere else, then that awful event had not really occurred and pain would no longer consume me. Consequently, if I were no longer in pain, it stood to reason that my mother would still be alive. At this point my body would swiftly transport me back to truth, the grinding of my empty stomach would compel me to open my eyes once more. As a child I always hoped that my eyes would be my betrayer; visions of dreams that could be dispelled and forgotten in a trice. Once again I would ardently shut my eyes, mustering up the entirety of my thoughts and powers in a last ditched attempt to dispel those awful, distressing events, hoping that they were all just feigned.
Friday, January 3, 2020
Gay marriage in America is a big problem in our world today, a lot of people in the Untied States and in our countryÃ¢â¬â¢s do not believe in same sex Marriage. But the Untied State Supreme Court passed the bill for same sex marriage to be legal in all 50 states of America. But the real question is why is this a big situation in America or across the world? Why was so many people was against it? Well let me give you a few reason why it was a big problem in America. June 28, 1968 is when the gay right moment started in the USA, but the gay rights fight started before 1968 it was just brought to the for front of america in 1968. One of the reasons why the movement started because, in New York a gay bar was raid by police and was harassed for being gay and just trying to be who they are. But back in those day America was very religious I mean back in the 60Ã¢â¬â¢s you would be out cast if you had sex before marriage. But when they was trying to get the same sex law or bill if you wa nt to call it pass they had a lot of people that was fighting against them. The scriptures they would come up against all the time was Leviticus 20:13 Ã¢â¬Å"If a man also lie with mankind, as he leith with a woman, both of them have committed and abomination: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.Ã¢â¬ Another scripture that would come up too was 1 Tim 1:8-10 Ã¢â¬Å"We know that the law is good if one uses it properly. We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers andShow MoreRelatedThe Unconstitutionality of Banning Gay Marriage Essay1594 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesBanning gay marriage across the United States is directly against the constitution and violates the unalienable right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. The scumbags in the government however, make almost impossible to pass these laws for homosexual individuals. A man with reason like Aristotle for example, believes that the main duty of humans is to th e use the ability of reason and consciousness in the pursuit of the ultimate life good or happiness. Happiness is what we strive forRead MoreGay Marriage Should Be Legal1453 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesunpunished, and in which discrimination is being written into our lawsÃ¢â¬ John Conyers once said. Marriage is a sacred word that has been used through centuries to unite man and woman to become one through holy matrimony. This definition has been the same throughout time until recently. Recently society has come to the understanding that a marriage between man and woman is no longer the only form of marriage that can be performed. The definition has been elongated by also saying that the state of beingRead MoreLegalization of Gay Marriage Essay1285 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLegalization of gay marriage has been a major controversial topic for a long time. Although, many people do not know what it means to be homosexual, most people do not know the actual definition of homosexuality and they do not know how difficult it is to be gay in this society. There are many reasons why people are against gay marriage and homosexuals all together. Most of the reasons are based on religious bias another big reason is being afraid of the unknown. Some smaller reasons are that beingRead MoreGay Marriage Should Be Legal in All States1632 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbeen Gay Marriage. Whether same-sex couples should be given the right to marry or even if same-sex couples should be given rights at all, this has been a contentious discussion which creates division and disunity throughout the country. The Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the Constitution guarantees a right to same-sex marriage. Gay marriage has been legalized in 17 states. But only 19 of 194 countries allow for gay marriage. Statistics show more than half the country supports Gay MarriageRead MoreGay Marriage : A Negative Effect On Society And How The Government Deals With It957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCarlos Ulloa Political Science 3346 Professor Chounlamountry November 29 2015 Gay Marriage My topic is about gay marriage and how is really has a negative effect on society and how the government deals with it. As society and our government goes through changes people of certain groups donÃ¢â¬â¢t really let us move on and develop as a nation of diversity. These people have a name and they belong to the cultural lag group which doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t let us move forward because for there way of thinking By having theRead MoreGay Marriage Should Not Be Condemned1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntroduction There has been heated debateÃ¢â¬â¢s concerning gay marriageÃ¢â¬â¢s in the world. Some people support gay marriage while others do not. Gay marriage is a marital union that involves two adults of the same gender. For instance, a woman and another or marriage involving two men would constitute a gay marriage. Generally, this issue has been prevalent in the developed countries such as the United States; but it is a fact those kinds of marriages exist in other countries in the world over, only thatRead MoreArticle On Gay Marriage Rights1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEnglish 101 10/25/16 Krietcsh Gay Marriage Rights Can you believe that in some parts of the world it is still illegal to be homosexual , or better yet to marry the person you love if they are the same sex as you? Many people use religion to try a stop gay marriage rights. But religion has nothing to do with the fact that it is every human beingÃ¢â¬â¢s right to marry the person they love.Gay Marriage has always been around for example Ã¢â¬Å"Evidence exists that same-sex marriages were tolerated in parts of MesopotamiaRead MoreSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal in All States1390 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSame Sex Marriage Should Be Legal in All States When you see the word marriage, what do you see or think of? Majorities of Americans will see a man and a woman together. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s because it is a tradition that marriage is between a man and a woman. WouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t it be nice if everyone could marry the love of their life? Unfortunately, same sex marriage is banned in thirty-two states and only legalized in eighteen states. So why canÃ¢â¬â¢t gay and lesbian couples marry each other? Same sex marriage is protectedRead MoreThe Right of All: Legalize Same-Sex Marriage Essay1402 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagessomeone of the same sex. People live that live everyday of their lives, except opposite. The big question about same-sex marriage is if it should be legal or not, and why? The problem with same-sex marriage is that if the US allows it, we donÃ¢â¬â¢t know how the US would react. A big argument against same-sex marriage is that they shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be allowed to marry because they are not able to procreate. That problem has a simp le answer(s) and its called adoption, or artificial insemination. So although same-sexRead MoreLegalizing The Same Sex Marriage1118 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesvariety of social problems and one of the most controversial issues is legalizing the homosexual marriage. The social movement for legalizing the same-sex marriage in U.S. started in the 1970s. People who support homosexual marriage carried on their campaign arguing that banning gay marriage is a Ã¢â¬ËdiscriminationÃ¢â¬â¢, which is similar to the prohibition of racial intermarriage that existed in past. Since lots of homosexuals all around the world insist their basic rights of marriage, there are plenty